Toyota: New Paint Atomizer with 95% Coating Efficiency on Toyota Develops New Paint Atomizer With Rotating HeadToyota Motor Corporation says it has a new type of airless paint atomizer that uses static electricity instead of air to replace the conventional air atomizers used in the vehicle body painting process.

The newly developed airless painter, said to be the first of its kind in the world, achieves more than 95% coating efficiency (the amount of paint sprayed versus the amount that actually adheres onto the vehicle body compared to conventional efficiency of approximately 60-70%.) on oyota Develops New Paint Atomizer With Variable Voltage Control By deploying the airless atomizer in Toyota Group’s painting process, it is expected that the Group can reduce its CO2 emissions by about 7%. In addition, the collection device located at the bottom of the paint booth can be made more compact. Therefore, it is able to make painting production lines more compact.

Toyota is advancing initiatives to achieve its Plant Zero CO2 Emissions Challenge, one of the targets included in the Toyota Environmental Challenge 2050 announced in 2015. As part of this effort, it developed the airless paint atomizer and deployed it at both the Takaoka and Tsutsumi Plants. Gradual deployment at other plants is planned, as well as consideration of deployment among other Toyota Group companies and licensing the technology to other companies.

Airless Paint Atomizer on Toyota Develops New Paint Atomizer Conventional air paint atomizer sprayed paint primarily using aerodynamic force, then paint the vehicle body with the atomized particles using an air paint atomizer. For this reason, paint particles are scattered by the air bouncing off the vehicle body, resulting in a coating efficiency of approximately 60 to 70%. By comparison, the new airless paint atomizer uses electricity to spray the paint (electrostatic atomization), and the statically charged particles gravitate toward the vehicle body (electrostatic painting). Electrostatic atomization and electrostatic painting technologies greatly reduce the number of atomized particles that scatter, thereby achieving a higher coating efficiency.

New Technologies That Achieve High Coating Efficiency

1.The tip of the airless paint atomizer features a rotating cylindrical head that optimize the amount of paint sprayed

Electrostatic atomization technology is used in beauty treatment devices and other instruments that spray fine amounts of liquid; here, we applied it to vehicle body painting. Specifically, the tip of the paint sprayer is cylindrical. Approximately 600 special grooves are inserted into the tip, which is rotated to create a centrifugal force, inducing the paint to flow into the grooves and atomize through static electricity. In this way, we developed the world’s first technology that paints vehicle bodies with atomized paint particles using static electricity.

  1. Highly accurate current control that makes close-range painting possible

The unevenness of the vehicle body causes the distance between the cylindrical head and the vehicle body to fluctuate, making the electrical current unstable. However, the airless paint atomizer constantly monitors the variations in current and automatically controls the voltage, maintaining a distance of approximately 10 centimeters between the cylindrical head and the vehicle body. Hence, electrostatic atomization and electrostatic painting under a fixed current is rendered possible, in turn preventing variation in the size of the paint particles―the result is high-quality painting.

About Kenneth Zino

Ken Zino is an auto industry veteran with global experience in print, broadcast and electronic media. He has auto testing, marketing, public relations and communications expertise garnered while working in Asia, Europe and the U.S.
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